Natural Stone Explained

Natural Stone Explained


In this section we take a look at the different types of stone on offer and the various finishes available to you. If you still have unanswered questions you can contact us on our: Natural Stone Enquiry Form. Or alternatively you can talk to us on 0845 0766 166 for some further advice.




Limestone tiles are hardwearing and make the ideal compliment to any home. Laid down over countless millennia, Limestone is formed by layers of marine organisms deposited on the sea floor and compressed to create a stone of intriguing texture and character.Free samples of all our Limestone tiles are available on request.



Travertine tiles are hard wearing and versatile; at home both on floors and walls. Travertine can be found in a vast spectrum of colours and textures. Formed by water travelling through Limestone and emerging at hot springs, cooling rapidly, the minerals it collects on its journey are captured as rich and creamy colours. Free samples of our Travertine tiles are available on request.



Slate & Quartzite tiles are taken from fine grained rocks formed from layers of shale and clay deposits, quartzite being subject to particularly high temperatures. With its tracery of textures and its enchanting pallet of colours giving it enormous potential for floors and walls it is both hard wearing, flexible and practical. Free samples of our Slate tiles and Quartzite tiles are available on request.



Marble tiles are particularly hard wearing and suitable for use in bathrooms, kitchens etc. Marble is the result of extreme heat and pressure applied to Limestone. Rich and warm it can be highly polished creating a lustrous illusion of depth or antiqued for a more rustic or traditional look. Free samples of our Marble tiles are available on request.



Sandstone tiles are suitable for indoor and outdoor use. Sandstone is a rock formation of coarse sand, quartz and cementing materials such as clay. Colours vary throughout the spectrum according to regions from greys to yellows to reds and whites. Free samples of our Sandstone tiles are available on request to enable you to make an informed choice.


Stone Finishes Explained

  • Un-Filled :Naturally occurring holes in the stones that are not filled.
  • Tumbled :The stones are placed in large tumbling machines whose action gives an aged finish to surface and edges.
  • Riven :An uneven surface to mimic that of a natural cleft stone.
  • Part-Honed :Abrasives are applied to the surface of the stone giving an even, smooth surface,this is usually carried out on stones with multiple texturing techniques, giving variation in textures to the stone.
  • Pre-Sealed :The stone during processing,is coated with a sealant giving a slight sheen to the surface.
  • Pillowed Edge :The stone is honed and then its edges are gently and evenly rounded across the length and breadth of the stone.
  • Natural Cleft :A natural riven finish achieved by splitting the stone.
  • Honed :Abrasives are applied to the surface of the stone giving an even, smooth, and generally matt surface.
  • Hammered :The stone is bush hammered and brushed, achieving an anti-slip surface.
  • Free Length :A laying format tiles, where the width of the tile is fixed and the length of the tiles can vary in size.
  • Filled :Naturally occurring holes in the stone are filled and the surface then honed.
  • Distressed :The stone has a lightly pillowed effect with a smooth finish and worn aged edges.
  • Chipped :The edges of the stone are chipped, the stone is then softened by light brushing.
  • Calibrated :Stones that are processed to an even thickness with precision edges for quick and accurate laying.
  • Brushed :After honing the stone is wire brushed, giving a consistent textured finish.
  • Bevelled :The surface of the stone is honed with the bevelling applied to the edges.
  • Antiqued :The stone is honed to mimic an aged look and then tumbled.
  • Aged :The stone is tumbled and then distressed.
  • Note: many stones use a variety of the texturing methods noted above to achieve the desired aesthetic effect.



General Information & Terms Regarding Our Stone Products


  • All stone samples, whether replica or natural, are subject to variation in colour, texture and pattern and can therefore give only an approximate example of the general appearance of the stone.

  • Small ‘pin holes’ not initially evident in the replica flagstones may appear over time. This will not affect the strength or durability of the product.

  • Natural stone is a variable material by its nature – each batch will be different even when coming from the same quarry. Please ensure that all tiles are ordered from the same batch and work with tiles from different pallets to achieve a harmonious look before fixing.

  • Material should be cleaned and inspected prior to fixing and any faults or breakages reported.

  • Laying should not be started until tiles are completely dry. As part of the cutting process requires water, some products may arrive damp. These products should be laid in a warm environment with a clear air flow until they are dry. The colour of the product is dependant upon its water content, so damp products may appear darker in appearance when initially received.

  • Marble, natural stone and limestone may appear to have fine and sometimes broader veins, which can appear as filled lines of fracture. This is a completely natural phenomenon; veining is not a weakness.

  • The natural characteristics of Jura Beige and Jura Grey require that the preparation of the stone is done in stages. It is necessary to improve natural faults such as pores, open holes and small quartz veins by filling with resin. This procedure is necessary to guarantee perfect quality and in no way does it depreciate the value of the natural stone. Jura can also show elements of what look like rust patches – this is due to metal oxides within the stone and is inherent to this type of limestone.

  • It is customary in certain types of marble such as Crema Marfil to glue loose pieces together during production and sometimes provide an adhesive connector (net) on the back. This technique is necessary to provide a sound, reliable product.

  • Small holes may be found in the surface of Desert Ochre (brushed); these are inherent to this type of limestone and can easily be filled during the grouting process.

  • We recommend using honed and filled travertine stone only in light traffic areas. This is due to the possibility of small holes opening up over time. This is an inherent nature of the stone. These can be filled with grout and re-sealed or can be resin-filled, re-honed and re-sealed by a professional tiler.

  • Slight honing marks can sometimes be seen on the surface of Crema Marfil – these should disappear when sealed. Please note that this is unavoidable and should not be deemed a fault.

  • Random length – due to the nature of the product size some orders may be received without any shorter lengths and therefore additional cutting may be required.


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